Horse teeth have very long roots, which, over the course of the horse’s life, continuously “erupt” from the gum surface. As the teeth are erupting, they are also chewing on things like feed, hay, pasture, stall doors, and fencing, etc. Equine teeth are designed to wear against the tooth above or below as the horse chews, thus preventing excess growth. Unfortunately, cheek teeth tend to develop sharp enamel points even under normal grazing conditions. These sharp points or problems with a horse’s dentition can result in weight loss, poor performance and behavioral issues.
An oral evaluation and floating is recommended on an annual basis. Floating is the “rasping” or filing of points on the teeth to prevent them from cutting the cheek or tongue. Floating might also involve the leveling of the molar arcades and canine teeth, and the realigning and balancing of the incisor teeth.
Services in addition to routine floating, include cap and fragment removal, wolf teeth removal, and advanced dentistry such as molar and incisor extractions.